Cordiale Project : Perceptions of local landscape and landscape change within Holbeton and Wembury parishes

Wembury

Great Wembury Quest

InformationMap
  • Letterbox locations and results
  • Landscape challenges
  • Feedback

Discover Wembury

InformationMap
  • Young explorers
  • Habitat explorers
  • Soldiers and sailors
  • Farm visits
  • Underwater Wembury

Wonderful Wembury

InformationMap
  • Route and info
  • Audio clips

Wembury Storymakers

InformationMap
  • The project
  • Coastal poets
  • The Shipwrecked Boy
  • Sharing the story

Wembury Then and Now

InformationMap
  • Langdon Knighton map 1927
  • Langdon Calmady map 1788
  • Langdon Court Estate map 1927
  • Langdon Down Thomas map 1927
  • Tithe map 1838
  • Aerial images 1947
  • Aerial images 1990s
  • Hedgerow loss 1915-1946
  • Hedgerow loss 1946-2009
  • Hedgerow loss 1915-2009
  • Langdon Estate catalogue

Holbeton

Great Holbeton Quest

InformationMap
  • Landscape letterboxes
  • Landscape challenges

Discover Holbeton

InformationMap
  • Sense of place
  • Ancient Flete
  • Young explorers
  • Parish images from the
    community scanning day

Holbeton Then and Now

InformationMap
  • Flete House tour
  • Flete Estate sale particulars
  • Holbeton WI booklet 1965
  • Making cob bricks
  • 1947 B&W aerial photos

Holbeton Village Buildings Project

InformationMap
  • Holbeton School – Y5/6 class
  • Buildings before 1842
  • Buildings between 1842 - 1905
  • Buildings between 1906 - 1950
  • Buildings between 1951 - 1975
  • Buildings after 1976

Legend

  • Map Controls
  • Overlay transparency

This is the boundary of the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) designated by government in August 1960. The South Devon AONB is one of 46 AONBs that form part of a family of protected landscapes found throughout the UK. Visit www.landscapesforlife.org.uk for more information on AONBs or www.southdevonaonb.org.uk for more information on the South Devon AONB

Material provided here relates to the parishes of Holbeton and Wembury that the South Devon AONB team worked with as part of the Cordiale Project to understand people’s perceptions of local landscape and landscape change. To explore the Parishes and the collated material:

  • Zoom in or out on your area of interest using the Google tools toward the left of your screen or use the scroll wheel on your mouse.
  • Pan by clicking on the map, holding and dragging in the direction of your choice. Alternatively use the left, right, up, down Google tools.
  • Toggle individual layers on and off by clicking on the check boxes to the right of layer names in the expandable lists.
  • Click on any of the icons to reveal photographs, word clouds, video clips, sound clips and more.
  • Swap between map and satellite view using the two buttons in the top right hand corner of the map.

Note that if you have zoomed in tightly to Wembury or Holbeton, then toggle material on in the other parish you will need to move the map area before you see this additional material.

Wembury is the most western Parish of the South Devon AONB. The parish has 5 main settlements of Hollacombe, Down Thomas, Heybrook Bay, Wembury Point and the largest at Wembury Knighton, home to the the school and church. The parish covers 1527 hectares (3773 acres) with a population of slightly under 3000 residents.

As well as being an important part of the AONB, the coastline forms part of the South Devon Heritage Coast. The Great Mewstone lies just off shore and is a key view from the coastal part of the parish. Wembury Voluntary Marine Conservation Area lies adjacent to the shoreline. It was chosen in recognition of its outstanding marine wildlife and contains the Wembury Point Site of Special Scientific Interest and the Great Mewstone.

  • Key To Icons
  • Parish Boundary Line

This is the boundary for the County Parish of Wembury

The Wembury Quest ran during June 2012 and was very popular in the parish. Over 400 quest packs were collected from the village school post office and local shops. The Quest was designed to encourage residents to go out into the parish and explore their local landscape.

For the letterboxes twelve locations were chosen, spread around the parish. They were picked to take participants to very different types of landscape and views. Some of them were places which they had visited before, and some were off the beaten track and were new to some Questers. All of the locations were found on public rights of way.

Click here to download a blank Quest Pack in PDF format (1.5 MB)

  • Key To Icons
  • Letterbox Location
  • Film Clip

Questers were asked to have a go at different activities to gain extra points. They all helped participants think about their parish and what it means to them.

Click here to download a blank Quest Pack in PDF format (1.5 MB)

  • Key To Icons
  • Taking in The View
  • Nature's Palette
  • A Perfect Place
  • Five Words to Describe Wembury
  • The Mewstone
  • Wembury Big Feature Survey
  • Beach Finds

We finished the Quest with a tea party in the village hall. Everyone brought back their forms and we were able to find out a lot about how participants felt about their landscape. It was great to see so many people there.

Click here to download a blank Quest Pack in PDF format (1.5 MB)

  • Key To Icons
  • Where to Explore Next?
  • Where Did it Take you?
  • Did Enjoy Taking Part?
  • Tea Party
  • What Did You Like Best?
  • What Did You Get From It?

This series of projects was aimed to help residents from the parish understand more about their landscape, uncovering some of the hidden aspects of what is all around them now, and how it has changed over time.

Children from Wembury preschool spent time with Nicky from the AONB Team exploring the landscape around their centre. They looked at different habitats, the meadows, the copse and the new, young orchard. The children used all of their senses to discover more about where they lived and played and explored what it meant to them.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow

Children from Years 3 and 4 at Wembury Primary School took a closer look at hedgerows in their parish and how they have changed over time. By using maps dating back to 1788 they traced how the amount of hedgerows has altered and how the parish as a whole changed over time. The two classes went out to look more closely at some of the old hedge banks in the village and discover how they were made up and their importance for wildlife.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow

Wembury has had a very strong military connection dating back to Napoleonic times. Residents were invited on a guided walk taking in landscape features and remains of military structures to help them understand this part of Wembury's past. Much of this was hidden or not known about and local interest was very high.

Source for images: Fort Bovisand Visitor Centre Feasibility Study, Groundwork Plymouth, 1994.

  • Key To Icons
  • Fortifications
  • Poster and Images

Over 80% of the AONB is farmed, yet many people living in the area may not have ever been to a farm, or understand how they work and their impact on the landscape. Residents were invited to have a look behind the scenes at Traine Farm and hear from the farmer about living and working on the land. We also joined the National Trust for an event at New Barton Farm where we took along a collection of old farmhouse implements (courtesy of Cookworthy Museum) to show visitors. Have a go at our quiz (pdf file) and see how many you can recognise!

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow
  • PDF Download

There is a whole other hidden landscape hidden beneath the waves around our coast, and the waters off Wembury are exceptionally rich, with spectacular reefs of marine life. The area is managed as a marine nature reserve recognising it’s outstanding natural beauty. Tidal currents wash the reefs in such a plankton rich soup that the waters may appear cloudy and there is huge competition on the reef for space to attach and capture the plankton from. On a clear water day, our reefs are every bit as colourful and rich as those in warmer waters!

Photos by kind permission of Paul Naylor.

  • Key To Icons
  • Underwater Wembury

Children from Year 5 at Wembury Primary school took part in a project to develop a trail for the village. They were given the scenario: “If an alien landed in Wembury and asked to be shown around, what would be the most important things they should be shown?” They came up with a trail for 'Wonderful Wembury'.

This is the route and leaflet based guide developed by the children of Wembury school to introduce Wembury to alien visitors.

  • Key To Icons
  • PDF Download
  • Route
  • Slideshow

The children went on to work with Lucinda Guy from Soundart radio to produce an audio guide to accompany the leaflet. The children recorded all of the sound and carried out interviews. Clips can be found by clicking on the icons on the map.

  • Key To Icons
  • Audio Clips

Children from Shrimp class at Wembury Primary school worked with Nicky from the AONB and Story making artist, Sara Hurley during January 2013. The children used the landscape as their inspiration and came up with a story based around the beach and the Mewstone. They used historical evidence as a reference and set their story in 1851.

They braved foul, wet weather and strong winds to visit the beach to collect items to use as a base for character building and scene setting. This was followed with workshops back at school to develop the people and the storyline.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow
  • PDF Download
  • Video

The children worked on descriptive text and performance by creating circle poems, based on 'memory photos' from the beach. They produced two class poems and smaller group poems. One of these was performed at the final event.

  • Key To Icons
  • Coastal poets slideshow
  • Slideshow
  • PDF Download

Their story tells the tale of Thomas, a boy from Ireland who was washed up onto the beach at Wembury, with his battered boat. The children recorded a digital storybook which is shared here, as well as making a full size book of their drawings and text.

  • Key To Icons
  • The Shipwrecked Boy
  • Setting the scene - Shipwrecked Boy

The story was performed to just over 70 people at the final event. Everyone enjoyed taking part and telling their story to residents of the village and families. It was a fantastic project and the children worked really hard.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow
  • Slideshow
  • The Shortest Story
  • Wembury Storymakers Event
  • Wembury Storymakers - Event Poster

This section contains maps and aerial photography which we have used to tell the story of how Wembury has changed over the last 200 years. The maps shown here have been collated from material archived by the local history group and other AONB sources. Have a look for yourself and see if you can spot the differences.

In addition to this material shown on the Google Map, project participants were able to use a layered pdf map created by the the AONB Team to show Ordnance Survey maps from different eras. You can download the pdf file here. Note the very large file size of 61MB.

This material has been extracted from the Langdon Court Estate’s 1927 sales catalogue which saw the estate broken into smaller parcels of land. Entries for recognisable locations have been added to the map together with their photographs where they were included. The descriptions make fascinating reading.

  • Key To Icons
  • Properties
  • Property Images

This is the Parish History Group’s own hand drawn version of the Parish Tithe Map revealing the pattern of land ownership, landowning names and field names in 1838.

  • Tithe Map Key
  • Click here to download the key to the Wembury Tithe Map in jpg format
  • Click here to download the key to the Wembury Tithe Map in PDF format with Key (62 MB)'

This superb map is beautifully drawn and shows the full extent of the Calmady family’s landholding in 1788 identifying all the tenants and occupiers together with neighbouring land holders. Hedgerows are illustrated along with the type of land use.

This plan is from the Langdon Court Estate’s sales catalogue dated Thursday 29th September 1927 and shows the Langdon Court Estate’s Wembury Knighton lots for sale at the time by auction.

This plan is from the Langdon Court Estate’s sales catalogue dated Thursday 29th September 1927 and shows the main portion of the estate for sale at the time by auction.

This plan is from the Langdon Court Estate’s sales catalogue dated Thursday 29th September 1927 and shows the Langdon Court Estate’s Down Thomas and Gabber lots for sale at the time by auction.

An extract from 1947 aerial photography captured by the RAF providing an insight into the post war landscape of Wembury. Note that there are areas missing from the photograph set covering land to the west of Wembury Parish.

An extract from mid 1990s aerial photography providing an insight into Wembury’s landscape at the time.

Members of the Wembury History Society analysed a series of old Ordnance Survey maps covering the parish to determine when and where local hedgerows had been removed.

  • Key To Icons
  • Hedgerow loss

Members of the Wembury History Society analysed a series of old Ordnance Survey maps covering the parish to determine when and where local hedgerows had been removed.

  • Key To Icons
  • Hedgerow loss

Members of the Wembury History Society analysed a series of old Ordnance Survey maps covering the parish to determine when and where local hedgerows had been removed.

  • Key To Icons
  • Hedgerow loss

Holbeton is a small parish on the west side of Erme estuary. There are small settlements at Battisborough Cross and Mothecombe, with the main settlement being Holbeton village, with the school and the church. There are just under 1500 residents in the parish.

Much of the parish is owned by the Flete estate. It extends out along the coast towards Noss Mayo.

  • Key To Icons
  • Parish Boundary Line

This is the boundary for the County Parish of Holbeton.

The Holbeton Quest ran during July and August 2012 and was very popular in the parish. Over 300 quest packs were collected from the village shop. The Quest was designed to encourage residents to go out into the parish and explore their local landscape.

Ten locations were chosen for the letterboxes, spread around the parish. They were picked to take participants to very different types of landscape and views. Some of them were places which they had visited before, and some were off the beaten track and were new to some Questers. All of the locations were found on public rights of way.

  • Key To Icons
  • Letterbox Location

Questers were asked to have a go at different activities to gain extra points. They all helped participants think about their parish and what it means to them.

Click here to download a blank Quest Pack in PDF format (1.5 MB).

  • Key To Icons
  • The Estuary
  • A Perfect Place
  • Five Words to Describe Holbeton
  • Quest Finds

This series of projects was aimed to help residents from the parish understand more about their landscape, uncovering some of the hidden aspects of what is all around them now, and how it has changed over time.

We worked with the children in the year 3 / 4 class at Holbeton School and artist in residence for the Flete Estate, Shelley Castle in Autumn 2012. We took the children on an exploration of Holbeton woods and up to Shelley’s studio, the old Game Larder near to Flete House. The children collected treasures on their walk and thought about the importance of the woods and the estuary. At the studio, they made pencil studies of the things they had found and talked to Shelley about using art to record what we can see around us and capture what is important. We also recorded our journey using an app on the ipads and made a giant chalk map drawing on the studio floor.

Back in class the children were shown how to use watercolours to paint their leaves and later we made them all into a giant Autumnal Mandala which is now hung in the school for everyone to enjoy.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow showing class exploring Holbeton woods and artist’s studio
  • Mandala
  • Feedback from the children
  • Powerpoint - introduction to the project – sharing with the rest of the school
  • Images taken using track logging app of journeys

Landscape Artist Shelley Castle shares three time lapse films made from the banks of the Erme Estuary in her Estuary Song Tryptych, taking you back to a scene that could equally have been found in our ancient past.

The two podcast extracts paint a picture of Holbeton’s ancient past. The first features Andy Byfield of Plantlife with a fascinating view of life within the saltmarsh and coastal grazing marsh of the Erme Estuary. The second podcast features descriptions of Holbeton that would have been seen from Neolothic and Bronze Age routeways.Holbeton school children finish off with some unusual but slightly familiar sounding old place names spoken in Old English.

  • Key To Icons
  • Estuary Song Tryptych
  • Podcast

Children from Holbeton preschool spent time with Nicky from the AONB Team exploring the landscape around their village. They explored two very different habitats, Meadowsfoot beach at Mothecombe and the Forest School area in Holbeton Woods. The children used all of their senses to discover more about where they lived and played and explored what it meant to them. They collected treasures and made some lovely displays for the Hall - they can also be seen here.

  • Key To Icons
  • Exploring locations

These photographs are taken from a community scanning day held as part of the AONB 50th anniversary celebrations. They show the village and villagers over the last 50 or so years and are a great way of looking at how much, or little, the village has changed over that time. For more details of our 50th anniversary celebrations, visit our scrapbook website www.goldendays.org.uk. Watch on youTube

  • Key To Icons
  • Community scanning day

This section contains maps and aerial photography which we have used to understand how Holbeton has changed over the last 200 years. The maps shown here have been collated from material archived by the local history group and other AONB sources. Have a look for yourself and see if you can see spot the differences. In addition to this material shown on the Google Map, project participants were able to use a layered pdf map created by the the AONB Team to show Ordnance Survey maps from different eras. You can download the pdf file here. Note the very large file size of 59MB.

In addition to this material, 9 locations found in old photos were re-photographed by members of the Royal Photographic Society on behalf of the University of Plymouth and combined to provide an easy way of contrasting new with old. The photograph locations can be seen on the map and the results can be seen via the links below.”

Flete House was the Ancestral home of the Mildmay Family. It is now leased as private apartments and not open to the public. We were very pleased that the current managers, Audley, allowed us to book a private tour. Local residents of the parish booked on to come and have a look around the shared rooms. It was a very interesting tour, with an informative guide. A copy of a booklet detailing the history can be downloaded from the Flete Estate website here.

  • Key To Icons
  • Flete House Tour - Event Poster
  • Slideshow

This material has been extracted from the Flete Estate’s 1863 sales catalogue which saw the estate broken into smaller parcels of land. Entries for recognisable farm locations have been added to the map. The descriptions and prices make fascinating reading.

  • Key To Icons
  • Flete Estate sales particulars

These images are taken from a book found as part of the AONB 50th anniversary project. They show how the families of Holbeton were made up, and the jobs that people did in 1965. It was researched and created by the village Women’s Institute. How does it compare to modern times?

  • Key To Icons
  • Holbeton WI booklet - slideshow

We worked with colleagues from Plymouth University, who were taking part in the Buildings Studio of the Cordiale project, to look at Cob buildings. As part of the work, we held a cob brick making workshop with children from Holbeton pre-school. They got stuck in and mixed mud, stamped in straw and moulded bricks. We all had a great day and the children helped trial a session which is now part of the Cordiale Toolkit to help learn about traditional building techniques. Thanks pre-schoolers!

Download pdf

  • Key To Icons
  • Making Cob Bricks - Video

An extract from 1947 aerial photography captured by the RAF providing an insight into the post war landscape of Holbeton.

An extract from mid 1990s aerial photography providing an insight into Holbeton’s landscape at the time.

The children from year 6 at Holbeton School worked with the AONB team and Plymouth University who were working on the buildings studio of the Cordiale Project. We went all around the village photographing each of the buildings and surveying their key features. This information was then put onto a Google map.

With the support of colleagues from Plymouth University we worked with the Year 5/6 class from Holbeton School to look at the buildings and settlement pattern in their village.

We started off by using iPads and a geotagging app to photograph all houses in the village and recorded information about their construction on a database table. This table can be downloaded as a pdf here. The children researched the ages of the buildings by studying old maps to see when they first appeared on the maps. The information was put onto a layered map and a colour code was used to show the different time periods. The layered map can be downloaded as a pdf here. The individual layers of the map, with different coloured pins to show the epoch they are from, can be also be seen on this Google map – toggle the layers on and off to see when they appeared. These maps clearly show how the village has grown and changed over time.

We then discussed how the village has changed and about the possibility of building new houses, where this may be and what kind of impact that would have.

  • Key To Icons
  • Slideshow

This layer shows buildings that appeared on mapping of the village before 1842

  • Key To Icons
  • Buildings before 1842

This layer shows buildings that appeared on mapping of the village between before 1842 and 1905

  • Key To Icons
  • Buildings between 1842-1905

This layer shows buildings that appeared on mapping of the village between before 1906 and 1950

  • Key To Icons
  • Buildings between 1906-1950

This layer shows buildings that appeared on mapping of the village between before 1951 and 1975

  • Key To Icons
  • Buildings between 1951-1975

This layer shows buildings that appeared on mapping of the village after 1976

  • Key To Icons
  • Buildings after 1976